In the 1870s, Paul Feivel and Giza Lusztig moved from Chichișa to Kalotaszentkirály (today Sâncraiu), Cluj county. Moritz Lusztig, their son, was born in 1877. The family relocated to Gyalu (today Gilău) at the end of the 19th century, for economic reasons. The Lusztig family lived in a house near the Rákóczi-Bánffy castle, where Paul Feivel was a merchant and butcher, and owned a factory that produced vinegar. Moritz was a merchant, like Paul, but, unlike his father, he produced alcoholic beverages.
Moritz married Gizella Blum in 1901, at the age of 24, and between 1903 and 1912 they had five children: Ákos, Sándor, who died at the age of one, Andor, Viktória, and Pál. Unfortunately, his wife Gizella died of an illness in 1942.
Gizella and Moritz Lusztig
Shortly after Moritz became a widower, on May 3, 1944, the ghettoisation of the Jewish population of Cluj had started. Moritz, 67 at the time, was taken to the brick factory, which was the ghetto of Cluj, on May 5. Out of the approximately 18.000 Jews in the Cluj ghetto, 388 were saved from deportation by Rezső Kasztner, who managed to send them on a train that was headed to Switzerland. Moritz was included on the passenger list due to his son Andor having a good relationship with Kasztner. They arrived in Caux, Switzerland, in December 1944, where Moritz stayed about 8 months.
Rezső Kasztner. (Image source: Wikipedia)
When the war ended in 1945, Moritz set out to return to Gilău, where he arrived on January 18, 1946. In 1952, the communist Romanian state confiscated both of his alcohol distillation boilers, depriving him of his only source of income. He died of an illness in August 1953.
The Archive of the Lusztig Family © Muzeon.
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